Certain scientific papers like essays, thesis, and others must be supported by relevant and credible data. It is to make your pieces of writing better and more accurate. The data, aside from being found from the results of observations and research, they can also be from the experts’ theories, facts, and more. The theories and research’s results done by someone else can be quoted in the form of citation. Of course, there are rules and methods on how to quote them properly. Well, do you want to learn more about the citations? Read the explanations below.

The Definition of Citation

Citation or quotation is the opinions, ideas, facts, and data from various sources. Although you can quote the data from any sources relevant to your study, they must be accurate. Therefore, the results of your research, as well as the content of your papers, can be scientifically accounted for.

Principles of Citation

In creating a paper, the citations are really important to make the data much more relevant. However, you should not randomly quote the sentences or opinions from others without knowing the principles. By quoting them randomly, there is a possibility of being accused of the plagiarism cases in the future. So, what are the principles?

First, it is possible for you during the quotation to remove some parts. However, the removal must not change the meaning contained in the sentences. Second, if you are quoting words or sentences and there are spelling errors in it, it is not wrong if you are just letting it like that, particularly when you are doing the direct quotation or citation.

Types of Citations

In general, there are two types of citation; they are the direct and direct citations. In the direct citation, you are allowed to write down the data completely the same as the original sources. To sign the direct quotations, you need to add the quotation marks in the beginning and end of the sentences.

Meanwhile, there is the indirect quotation which is mainly about the summary of sentences. The indirect quotation or citation is written down within the line and there is no need of the quotation marks. The mentioning of the sources can be done in the form of the direct note or footnote.

Techniques of Citations

When you want to make a direct citation which is not more than 4 lines, it must be integrated into the text with 2 spaces as well as the citation is between the quotation marks. After the citation has been done written, the source is written in the end between the brackets. For the direct citation of more than 4lines, it is separated from the text by 3 spaces. In the indirect citation, it is directly integrated into the text without quotation marks.

Aside from the writing techniques, something which is not less important is the sources. It is very good if you have prepared the literature needed to support your papers. But if you have not or want to add some more, you can go to Citation Bot for the additional sources.