A hematologist is a doctor who treats blood-related disorders, including researching, preventing, lymphatic systems disorders, etc. Hematology involves an in-depth study of the cancerous and non-cancerous disorders that are harmful to the organs that produce blood cells. It is a subspecialty of internal medicine that also covers oncology (the study of cancer).
Hematologists work with blood-related disorders and try to cope with the medical requirements. It does not mean that you have a cancer or severe problem when your doctor asks you to consult a hematologist. In our family, my two cousins suffered from a blood disorder, but they got their treatment when they consulted with a hematologist in Rawalpindi.
In The Next Session, We Will Mention Blood-Related Disorders
Sepsis: It is an infection in the blood.
Hemophilia: A bleeding disorder.
Blood Cancer: Leukemia, lymphoma, multiple myeloma, or myelodysplastic syndromes.
Anemia: It is a condition in which a patient suffers from low red blood cells productivity.
Sickle cell anemia: It is a disease that does not allow your red blood cells to flow freely in your circulatory system.
Hemophilia: It is a disorder in which human blood cannot clot properly.
Thalassemia: It is a condition in which your body does not make enough hemoglobin.
If a patient visits a hematologist, it can minimize the risks of severe blood disorders. At the initial stages, it can be cured without taking too long.
We Have Come With The Details of 3 Important Reasons To Visit A Hematologist.
1 – Hemophilia
It is a condition that stops the blood from clotting. Such a condition is caused by the deficiency of the platelets. A recent survey shows that it is a rare disease and can be managed by proper medications. A patient who is suffering from Hemophilia often sees the symptoms, such as he/she can bleed for longer after an injury because this disease does prevent the blood from clotting.
Hemophilia is caused by gene mutation, and such change prevents the blood from clotting. This disorder has three further types, Hemophilia A, Hemophilia B, and Hemophilia C.
2 – Leukemia and Lymphoma
Leukemia is the cancer of blood-forming tissues. In this condition, many white blood cells are produced, and it does not allow the red blood cells to work in the body, which is responsible for transporting blood. At the initial stage, a patient often does not experience any symptom, but it does, which a victim can have later:
- Weight loss
- Night sweats
- Shortness of breath
- Joint Pain
- Weakness or Fatigue
You are at high risk if you:
- Exposed To Radiations
- If This Disease Was In Your Family
- Have a Genetic Disorder
- Had Chemotherapy
Lymphoma affects white blood cells and is similar to leukemia. It forms in the lymphocytes and shows the symptoms like shortness of breath, coughing, swollen lymph nodes, etc.
3 – Deep Vein Thrombosis
It is a serious condition in which a blood clot forms in the veins inside your body. Mostly, it forms in the thigh or lower leg side but also can be formed in any other area of the body. Deep vein thrombosis is very painful and stuck for a long time to develop severe damage to the human body. Such blood clots often pass to the heart and the lungs where it causes serious disorder. A compression stocking is used to cure the blood clot in veins. A hematologist also uses blood thinners to relieve deep vein thrombosis.
We Will Explore What Blood Test A Hematologist Does.
- Bone Marrow Biopsy
- Partial Thromboplastin Time PTT
- International Normalized Ratio INR
- Prothrombin Time PT
- Complete Blood Count CBC
The Bottom Line
A hematologist is a highly-skilled specialist who diagnoses and treats blood-related disorders. If you are being referred to visit a doctor, you need a blood test to diagnose what disease you have and how to treat it. If you had chemotherapy, then it can cause a blood-cell disorder. There was a friend of mine who was suffering from Hemophilia. His Doctor, who works in Azmat Rasheed hospital, suggests he visit a hematologist. Fortunately, the specialist diagnosed the disorder and treated it at the right time.