Before the evolution and implementation of IoT in healthcare, the interaction of patients and doctors was quite limited to personal visits, texts and telecommunication. Doctors and patients did not have any way to communicate with each other.
The Internet of Things or IoT-enabled devices has brought many revolutions in the healthcare sector that provided many ways to keep the patients safe and healthy. Doctors can monitor the patient’s health from remote locations and prescribe various medicines.
Even for the patients, the interaction has become quite convenient and easier due to these devices. Such remote monitoring reduces the length of patient’s stay in the hospitals and their re-admission.
IoT App Development Companies, through IoT app development services, have helped in improving the treatment outcomes and reduced the healthcare cost as well. IoT devices have redefined the healthcare industries by improving people interaction.
How is IoT implemented in healthcare?
In the healthcare industry, IoT methodologies can be implemented in several ways. For this, the device plays an imperative role for patients, physicians, hospitals and health insurance companies. Here is a brief description of these roles of IoT:
● IoT for Patients
The patients can get and store their personalized details through wearable devices like fitness bands and other wirelessly connected devices. IoT devices include blood pressure monitoring, heart-rate monitoring cuffs and glucometer etc.
These devices can remind patients about their calorie count, appointments, blood pressure variations, exercise check and much more. IoT has changed the lives of people, especially for elderly patients by helping them in constantly monitoring and tracking their health conditions.
● IoT for Physicians
IoT enabled wearable, and other home monitoring equipment can help the physicians in monitoring patient’s health. Physicians can track the adherence of the patients to the prescribed treatment plan. They can track the immediate requirement of any medical treatment.
IoT enables physicians to get connected with patients in a proactive manner. Even they can identify the best possible treatment process for the patients that can produce the expected outcome.
● IoT Hospitals
Apart from monitoring the health of the patients, the IoT devices can also help the organizations in many other areas such as hospitals can track the real locations of medical equipment like wheelchairs, nebulizers and many other medical monitoring types of equipment.
Hospitals can execute and manage the deployment of medical staff as well. Some of the IoT enabled hygiene devices help in preventing the spread of any infection.
Many other asset management activities like pharmacy inventory control, checking temperature, and humidity the IoT devices can be used by the hospitals.
● IoT for Health Insurance Companies
Health insurance companies can also leverage from IoT enabled devices. They can leverage the data collected from IoT enabled devices for their claim operations. The devices also bring transparency between service providers and customers in the underwriting.
The insurer may also offer incentives to their customers to share and use health data generated by IoT devices. The insurance companies can also validate the claims through data captured by these devices.
Major Advantages of IoT for Healthcare Professionals
In the above section, we have highlighted many advantages of IoT devices and technology for healthcare professionals. There are still some of the major and direct advantages of the technology as well that are listed below:
1. Improved Treatment:
Physicians can make evidence-based informed decisions that can bring treatment transparency.
2. Proactive Treatment:
The doors for providing proactive medical treatment gets opened for the professionals.
3. Reduction in Errors:
Data generated through IoT devices help in making effective decision making for the organizations and ensures the smooth healthcare operations that too with minimum or reduced errors.
4. Cost Reduction:
Patient monitoring is done in real-time which in turn cuts down the operational cost significantly. The costs that a patient has to bear for doctor’s visit, re-admission process or a hospitalization gets reduced.
5. Faster Diagnosis of Disease:
Real-time data of the patient and continuous health monitoring that too at an early stage or even before can be done with the help of IoT devices.
There are lots of challenges associated with IoT devices as these devices can capture a huge amount of data that may include sensitive information that may be a security concern for the users.
IoT has transformed the healthcare sector and has opened up massive opportunities for professionals. Connected devices produce a massive amount of data. The complete implementation of IoT for healthcare can be divided into the following four stages:
As first step interconnected devices like sensors, detectors, monitors and camera systems are deployed to collect data.
Usually, the received data is in an analogue form that should be converted to digital form.
After conversion, the data is aggregated, standardized and moved to the cloud data centre.
Advanced analytics have to be applied to this data to bring actionable insights for effective decision-making.
IoT implementation can provide new dimensions to patient care through real-time health care monitoring and health data. The data is like a goldmine for healthcare stakeholders. An IoT application development company, through Iot implementation, can bring drastic improvement in healthcare.